男性不育症正在逐年上升

版主: 克莉絲

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寶醫師
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註冊時間: 2013年 10月 15日, 07:38

2018年 12月 29日, 11:34

男性不育症正在逐年上升。大多數男性不孕患者都是不孕症的眾所周知的原因,如精索靜脈曲張。生活方式和環境雖然假定在男性不孕症的病因學中起作用,但很多的研究出相關因素。

有三大類因素與男性不孕有關

第一部分生活方式/個人因素

1.吸煙對男性不育的影響
2.體重指數和肥胖
3.缺乏運動對男性生育能力的影響
4.男性不孕中飲食,維生素,營養不良和營養缺乏的重要性
5.飲酒對男性不孕的影響
6.藥物:興奮劑的藥物濫用(如大麻,古柯鹼,MDMA搖頭丸及鴉片類)
7.睾丸過熱效應影響精子質量(如緊身褲,久坐如計程車司機,長時間久坐辦公室
8.性問題:性病感染對男性因素生育的衝擊
9.心理壓力和男性不育
10.手機,筆記本電腦和微波爐使用對男性生育能力的影響

第二部分: 職業暴露
1.農藥和重金屬毒性
2.內分泌干擾物(如塑化劑和環境荷爾蒙是當今主要影響男性不孕原因之一)
3.電離輻射(如放射碘)

第三部分: 影響男性生育能力的其他因素
1.醫療和治療方面(如癌症化療或某些降血壓藥)的風險
2.老年男性:長壽和隨後的影響。

因此,任何不孕症夫婦的男性都應測量精液分析和自我排除上述因子,以排除男性不育症。然後先諮詢不孕科醫師(男性亦可看如陳啟煌醫師的不孕專家,所以掛婦產科不會被拒絕)
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